For some time now a question arises when either being read from Genesis 4:16 or the land in which it is mentioned…. where Cain had relations with a (his) wife in the land called Nod. If you were to browse the INTERNET on this topic you’d be bombarded with many thoughts or opinions-some documentation, some to be even claiming to be the truth about this “wife” from which seems to have no origin; only speculatory hypothesis from whence this woman may have originated.
Looking to the Book of Jubilee, a book recognized as being historically accurate, however not seen as canonical, bears out interesting facts about Cain.
As can be seen in the Book of Jubilee (Cain and Abel (4:1-12; cf. Gen 4.). “………..and Adam knew his wife again, and she bare him a son, and he called his name Seth; for he said “God hath raised up a second seed unto us on the earth instead of Abel; for Cain slew him.” And in the sixth week he begat his daughter ’Azûrâ. And Cain took ’Âwân his sister to be his wife and she bare him Enoch at the close of the fourth jubilee. And in the first year of the first week of the fifth jubilee, houses were built on the earth, and Cain built a city, and called its name after the name of his son Enoch. And Adam knew Eve his wife and she bare yet nine son. And in the fifth week of the fifth jubilee Seth took ’Azûrâ his sister to be his wife, and in the fourth (year of the sixth) she bare him Enos.”
As we can see further evidence of Cain, not being the seed of Adam because Adam said that it was their second seed, and not the third. The seed of Cain came from the serpent whom beguiled/seduced Eve having relations with Eve, in an attempt to pollute the lineage from which the Messiah would be born through (Jesus). Also further, Cain (regardless of his murder) would have been mentioned as being a son of Adam; and he was not mentioned, only Abel was mentioned as being heir from Adam and then Seth. Cain was not his seed, and thereby excluded as being his son (Gen. 5:1-5)
* (Foot note) In closing this thought: Cain married ’Âwân and Seth ’Azûrâ- Cain’s wife was his sister ’Âwân
If we do a little digging around in some other books such as the writings of Josephus (a Jewish Historian), Plato (writer and philosopher), and others, others which are credible and often referenced to by many ministers for extra-Biblical documentation we can arrive at many important facts in the history of that period. But one question whom many ask “Where did Cain get his wife?”
Well, assuming there were only two people on the Earth, and from Scripture we can see there was only Adam and Eve; from them all people came- ONLY from Adam and Eve- up until the birth of Seth, there were no more men born to Eve. However, there were females, sisters born along side of Cain. We cannot prove by Scripture or factual data was there any other “humans” unaccounted for living in other lands beyond the Garden of Eden.
One: What is sad to report is that the church, by and large, has not given, or cannot give the answer to this particular question.
Two: This question is obviously a problem to many Christians, and the fact that they cannot answer it, causes many, I believe, to doubt that they can defend the book of Genesis. This also affects their witnessing to non-Christians.
Three: for many non-Christians, this is a stumbling block hindering them from believing that they can trust the Bible as being a true record of history, from the first book, Genesis, onwards.
But, besides the fact this is an easy question to answer, does it really matter whether or not we can answer it? Should we make an issue of this or not?
Well, first of all, it is vitally important for a Christian to be able to answer this question, as it relates to defending the fact that all humans are descendants of Adam and Eve; and, secondly, that it is only their descendants that can be saved. Let me go through these two aspects in some detail.
ALL “HUMANS” ARE DESCENDANTS OF ADAM AND EVE.
In Genesis 4:1-2, we read, “And Adam knew Eve his wife: and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. And she again bare his brother Abel.” (c.f. Gen. 3) In Genesis 5:3, we read, “And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image: and called his name Seth.”
* (Foot note) Notice the wording “…in his own likeness, after his image…” You see, Cain was not Adam’s son. He was the serpent’s seed. It does not say this about Cain. Cain was not of Adam’s flesh.
We are told certain details about three sons born to Adam and Eve. It is recorded in Genesis 3:20, “And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.” Thus all human beings are descendants of the first woman, Eve. There were no other women—just one woman, Eve.
In 1 Corinthians 15:45, Paul tells us that “the first man Adam was made a living soul.” In other words, Adam was the first man—there were no other men at the beginning. In Acts 17:26, Paul states that the God who made the world “And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;…”
* (Foot Note) Notice also in verse 26, the words”bounds of habitation”
All “human beings” are related, because they are all descendants of the first man, Adam, and the first woman, Eve.
As marriage in the Bible specifies one man for one woman for life, this means Christians have to be able to explain how Adam and Eve’s sons could marry and have children to propagate the human race. Thus we need to be able to answer the question concerning Cain’s wife.
One can actually answer this question with just a little Bible knowledge. Genesis 5:4 tells us that Adam and Eve “begat sons and daughters.” Josephus, the Jewish historian, states that “The number of Adam’s children, as says the old tradition, was thirty-three sons and twenty-three daughters.” The point, of course, is that Adam and Eve had many children. When you are living up to a thousand years; one has much time to “propagate.”
Anyway, brothers must have married sisters at the beginning. Remember that the law against close intermarriage was not given until the time of Moses—e.g. “none of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him….” (Leviticus 18:6). There was nothing wrong with brother and sister marriages, originally. If you think about it, that is the only way to populate the world, starting with only one pair. Notice that Abraham married his half sister with no condemnation from God, even though this was later forbidden.
* (Foot Note): The fact that a law was given to stop the incest marriages tells us that it was being done on Earth before that time, the period to go out being “fruitful and multiplying.” There were NO more humans on Earth in which to multiply with. It all started with Adam and Eve, and of course, the sons of God (Genesis 6:2) leaving their habitation to mix their seed with that of the seed of man (Jude 1:6). For more on this CLICK HERE
Also, as Adam and Eve were created perfect, their genes would have been perfect. As the curse God placed upon creation started to operate only after they sinned, their descendants would not have had many mistakes in their genes. These mistakes (harmful mutations) add up only after a long period of time.
*(Foot Note)- During the time of the beginning when giants roamed the earth, the population began to increase, so did sin, that’s when God said: Genesis 6:5-7, “And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.”
So brothers and sisters (Adam and Eve’s children) could have married and not had the problems of deformities in their offspring as might well happen today, if such close relatives married and had children. This is because today humans have lots of mistakes—because of the curse—in their genes. Our genes will not allow a child to be born without certain physical issues. This may cause problems when matching pairs are inherited from both parents, as is much more likely with close intermarriage.
Some people, though, say that there must have been people other than Adam and Eve because Cain went to the land of Nod and found his wife. Well, first of all, the Scriptures quoted above make it obvious that there was only one man and one woman from whom came all other human beings.
Secondly, the Scripture says that Cain went to the Land of Nod and “knew” (had sexual relations with) his wife. John Calvin (Protestant minister), in his commentary on Genesis, and most other conservative expositors, make the point that Cain was married before he went to the land of Nod.
Since men and women lived to be hundreds of years old in the primeval world, populations grew rapidly, and Cain had plenty of time to marry a sister (or possibly a niece), move to Nod, and build a city for his own descendants and others.
ONLY ADAM AND EVE’S DESCENDANTS CAN BE SAVED-“HUMANS”.
The most important aspect of the topic is this: if we cannot defend the fact that all humans can trace their ancestry back to Adam and Eve, then the our ministering the whole Gospel message may have problems; at least with respect to this subject matter.
When the first man, Adam, sinned, he forfeited his right to live with a Holy God. God, who is infinitely just, had to judge this rebellion with death (Physical death). Adam and all of his descendants would have been alienated from God forever. However, God, in His infinite mercy, provided a means of deliverance from sin and its effects (physical death) and eternal separation from the Creator God. In Hebrews 9:22, we learn that “without shedding of blood is no remission of sins.”
God required the shedding of blood for remission of sin. But, as Adam, the (representative) head of the human race at the time, brought sin and thus death into the world, another Man (another representative, the second Adam without sin, but also a member of the human race paid the penalty for sin—the penalty of death; the death that we are redeemed from.
“He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.”
“Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.”
“And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?”
* (Foot note)-It’s amazing how many people do not take God’s Word literally anymore.
The Bible teaches, of course, that the atoning death of Christ was “for the sins of the whole world” (1 John 2:2). In fact, it was only when “by one man sin entered into the world” that death came into the world and then “passed upon all men” (Romans 5:12).
Thus the idea that there were “pre-Adamite men” or other human-like creatures in the world unaffected by Adam’s sin, is theological nonsense. There could not possibly be unaccounted for “other people” living in other lands (i.e Nod) for whom Cain could have found a wife therein. Had that been the case, God’s Word would have surely followed up with those people; not to mention, they would have been brought up by the New Testament writers as well.
“As by the offense of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life” (Romans 5:18).
Since all men and women “true humans” are descendants of Adam and Eve and “all the world” has “become guilty before God” (Romans 3:19), and since “the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men” (Titus 2:11), all people—of every age and every place—can be saved, if they simply believe on the Lord Jesus Christ (Acts 16:31).
2 Corinthian 5:17
“Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.”
This wonderful solution to the problem of sin and death is beyond anything we humans could ever imagine. God made another Adam! He, Himself, in the person of Jesus Christ, the perfect sinless Son of God, came to earth to be a man born of a woman—a perfect man—man as God intended man to be.
1 Corinthians 15:45
“And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.”
Paul calls Christ the “last Adam” (1 Corinthians 15:45). The “God-man died” on the cross of Calvary and “became sin for us,” and then was raised from the dead, so that we might have a living sacrifice—a new representative head (1 John 2:1). Only as we are united to Him do we have the gift of eternal life with our Creator (John 14:20).
Just think of what Jesus Christ has done for us. He became a man (but is also God) God and Man (Son of Man) in two distinct natures, but One person, forever, so we will always have a Saviour (Hebrews 7:25).
What a wonderful message! What a wonderful Saviour! What a blessed Redeemer! What a God of Grace and Mercy! Oh, how we should praise Him—and for those of us who do love and trust and serve Him, we will praise Him forever and ever. Amen or Oh me?
* (Foot Note)-This is why we are commanded to preach the Gospel to “every creature.” This is why we can talk about our brothers and sisters in Christ, and this is why we need to be able to answer questions such as, “Where did Cain get his wife?” without speculating that God created any (non-existent) “other people,” or that there were “soul-less humans” at that time. Hence giving way to a false doctrine that there were other “people” already living in the land the Bible calls “Nod” (Gen. 4:16).